Fudan University located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest, most prestigious and most selective universities in the People's Republic of China. Its institutional predecessor was founded in 1905, shortly before the end of China's imperial Qing dynasty. It is a comprehensive university highly ranked in physical and social sciences.
Initially known as Fudan Public School or Fudan College in 1905. The two Chinese characters Fudan (復旦) were chosen by the distinguished educator in modern Chinese history, Father Ma Xiangbo S.J. (马相伯), from the Confucian Classics.
In 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution the college was taken up as the headquarters of the Guangfu Army and closed down for almost one year. In 1917, Fudan Public School became a private university named the Private Fudan University.
When the Second Sino-Japanese War started in 1937, Fudan moved with the Kuomintang to the inland city of Chongqing. On December 25, 1941, the First Meeting of Fifth Conference of the Highest Executive Authority of the National Government of the Republic of China voted to change Fudan University (Chongqing) to a public university with Wu Nanxuan as its president.
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Fudan lost its "National" appellation and became Fudan University to reflect the fact that all universities under the new socialist state would be public. Fudan was the first university to be adjusted by the new government in 1952 and modelled on Soviet education.
In the 1970s, after the Cultural Revolution, the university was changed to a modern, comprehensive-style university.
Fudan University and Shanghai Medical University were merged on April 27, 2000.
Fudan University comprises 17 full-time schools, 69 departments, 73 bachelor's degree programs, 22 disciplines and 134 sub-disciplines authorized to confer Ph. D. degrees, 201 master degree programs, 6 professional degree programs, 7 Key Social Science Research Centers of Ministry of Education P.R.C, 9 National Basic Science Research and Training Institutes and 25 post-doctoral research stations.
It has 40 national key disciplines granted by the Ministry of Education P.R.C, nationally third. At present, it compasses 77 research institutes, 112 cross-disciplinary research institutes and 5 national key laboratories.
Currently, Fudan University enrolls over 45,000, including full-time students and students in Continuing Education and Online Education. Additionally, there are nearly 1,760 students from overseas; second nationally.
Fudan University has a high-level research faculty of over 2,400 full-time teachers and researchers, including 1,350 professors and associate professors, 30 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, nearly 660 doctoral supervisors, 26 Special professors and 2 lecture professors of "Cheungkong Scholars Program", 3 distinguished professors and 10 special professors of Fudan University, 6 principal scientists of Project 973 and 25 “Young Experts with Prominent Contributions to the Country”.
Also, Fudan University has eight teaching hospitals, such as Zhongshan Hospital and Huashan Hospital, integrating medical service, medicine education and research. These hospitals own advanced mechanisms and sophisticated skills, over 900 staff with advanced and associate advanced position, creating a good condition for medicine education.
Fudan is a member of Universitas 21, an international consortium of research-driven universities, and is considered as one of the top 5 universities in China.
Fudan University ranked 85th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking
Fudan University ranked 113rd in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking
Fudan University ranked 103rd in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking
Fudan University ranked 105th in the 2010 QS World University Ranking
Fudan University ranked 91st in the 2011 QS World University Ranking