Tohoku University, Japan

Tohoku University (東北大学 (東北大學 prior to 1945) Tōhoku daigaku), abbreviated to Tohokudai (東北大 Tōhokudai), located in the city of Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture in the Tōhoku Region, Japan, is one of Japan's most prestigious national universities. It is the third oldest Imperial University in Japan.

The university has 10 faculties and 15 graduate schools with a total of about 17,800 students (2007). The spirits of its foundation are "Research First(研究第一主義)" and "Open-door(門戸開放)" politics. In 2000 it was ranked no. 2 in Asiaweek Magazine's Best Universities Ranking list.

Tohoku University is committed to the "Research First" principle and "Open-Door" policy since its foundation, and is internationally recognized for its outstanding standards in education research useful in the solutions of societal problems and for the education of human resources in the capacities of leadership.


The origin of the university was Meirin-yokendo (明倫養賢堂 Meirin yōkendō), which was founded as a medical school in Sendai in 1736. It was reorganized a few times. Later it became Sendai Medical College (仙台医学専門学校 Sendai igaku senmon gakkō); this was the forerunner of the medical department of the university.

In June 22, 1907, the university was established under the name Tohoku Imperial University (東北帝國大學 Tōhoku teikoku daigaku) by Meiji government as the third Imperial University of Japan, following the Tokyo Imperial University(1877) and the Kyoto Imperial University(1897). From its start, it has advocated "Open-door" policy. This stems from that it first began to accept female students as well as foreign students in Japan universities, the first in the country to do so.

In September 1907, it set up the faculty of Aguliculture in Sapporo; Sapporo Agricultural College (札幌農學校 Sapporo nō gakkō) took the lead it. It set up the Science (1911), and the Medical Department (1915); the latter had been Sendai Medical College. In 1918 it ceded the Faculty of Agriculture to Hokkaido Imperial University. It subsequently launched Faculties of Engineering (1919), and Law and Literature (1922).

After World War II the university assumed its current name, Tohoku University (1947) and acquired new Faculty of Agriculture. Furthermore, the old Faculty of Law and Literature was split up to form new faculties of Law, Literature, and Economics (1949). Further additions: Faculty of Education (1949), Dentistry (1965) and Pharmacy (1972). Tohoku has been a national university corporation since April 2004.

2007 was the centenary of Tohoku University.


Arts and Letters
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Information and Intelligent Systems
Applied Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biomolecular Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Civil Engineering and Architecture

Graduate Schools

Arts and Letters
Economics and Management
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Agricultural Sciences
International Cultural Studies
Information Sciences
Life Sciences
Environmental Studies
Educational Informatics Research Division / Educaion Division

Professional graduate schools

Law School
School of Public Policy
Accounting School

Tohoku University ranked 102th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking

Tohoku University ranked 112th in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking

Tohoku University ranked 97th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking

Tohoku University ranked 102nd in the 2010 QS World University Ranking

Tohoku University ranked 70th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking


National Taiwan University

National Taiwan University (traditional Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; simplified Chinese: 国立台湾大学; Hanyu Pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Dàxué; Tongyong Pinyin: Guólì Táiwan Dàsyué; abbreviation NTU) is a national co-educational university located in Taipei City, Taiwan. In Chinese, it is colloquially known as "Taida" (台大). Its main campus is set upon 1,086,167 square meters in Taipei's Daan District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taiwan, occupying a total of 345,830,000 square meters

NTU is the top ranking University by scientific paper performance in Taiwan and ranked the 161th in the world. Currently the University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 96 graduate institutes and 4 research centers and offers diplomas in over 100 fields of study.

The entrance examination score requirements to enter NTU is typically the highest among universities in Taiwan, and NTU is widely considered the best and most prestigious university in Taiwan. NTU has very strong ties with Academia Sinica. NTU admits students based solely on merits, disregarding other factors such as race, religion, or gender. The female-to-male ratio in the undergraduate population is about 0.9:1.

Many influential individuals in Taiwan society received their education at NTU, including government officials in both pan-blue and pan-green camps.


The predecessor of National Taiwan University was Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University, founded by the Japanese in 1928.

The first president was Dr. Shidehara Tan Tairaka Hiroshi. When Taihoku University was first established, it had two colleges: the College of Liberal Arts and Law, and the College of Science and Agriculture, and had a combined total of 60 students. The College of Medicine and the College of Engineering were added in 1936 and 1943 respectively. The College of Science and Agriculture was also divided into two colleges in 1943: the college of Science, and the college of Agriculture. The college of Agriculture was divided into three sections: the College of Agriculture and Forestry, the College of Medicine, and the Graduate Institute of Tropical Medicine.

During Taihoku Imperial University period, every college consisted of "lectures", which were conducted by a professor and included assistant professors, assistants, instructors and office employees. In 1945, the five colleges had 114 lectures with 382 students. The College of Liberal Arts and Law had 25 lectures, the College of Medicine had 24, the College of Science had 13, the College of Agriculture had 22, and the College of Engineering had 30.

After World War II and Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese Sovereignty, the R.O.C. government resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it ''National Taiwan University'' on November 15, 1945, with Dr. Lo Tsung-lo serving as the first president. The College of Liberal Arts and Law was divided into two colleges: the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Law. The University thus consisted of six colleges (Liberal Arts, Law, Science, Medicine, Engineering, and Agriculture) and had twenty-two departments with 500 odd students. The Evening Division, the College of Management, the College of Public Health, and the College of Electrical Engineering (renamed as the College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in 2000) were established respectively in 1967, 1987, 1993, and 1997. In 1999, the College of Social Sciences replaced the College of Law, and the Department of Law was upgraded to become the College of Law.

The evening division and the Center of Continuing Education were also combined into the Division of Continuing Education & Professional Development. In 2002, the College of Agriculture was renamed the College of Bio-Resources and Agriculture. In 2003, the College of Life Science was established. As of the 2004 academic year, the University has a total of eleven colleges, 54 departments, 96 graduate institutes (which offer 96 Master's programs and 83 doctoral programs), and four research centers: the Division of Population and Gender Studies, the Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, the Center for Biotechnology, Japanese Research Center, and the Biodiversity Center. The number of students reached 29,877 in 2004, including the students from the division of Continuing Education & Professional development. A new library was built in 1998, and now contains over 3,000,000 volumes of books.


The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

The 11 colleges in NTU are:
  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science
  • College of Social Science
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Bio-resource and Agriculture
  • College of Management
  • College of Public Health
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  • College of Law
  • College of Life Science

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.

National Taiwan University ranked 102th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking

National Taiwan University ranked 124th in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking

National Taiwan University ranked 95th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking

National Taiwan University ranked 94th in the 2010 QS World University Ranking

National Taiwan University ranked 87th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking


Georgetown University

Georgetown University is a Jesuit private university located in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. Father John Carroll founded the school in 1789, though its roots extend back to 1634. While the school struggled financially in its early years, Georgetown expanded into a branched university after the American Civil War under the leadership of university president Patrick Francis Healy. Georgetown is the oldest Roman Catholic university in the United States. Its religious heritage is defining for Georgetown's identity, but has at times been controversial.

Georgetown's three urban campuses feature traditional collegiate architecture and layout, but prize their green spaces and environmental commitment. The main campus is known for Healy Hall, a designated National Historic Landmark. Academically, Georgetown is divided into four undergraduate schools and four graduate schools, with nationally recognized programs and faculty in international relations, law, medicine, and business.

The student body is noted for its pluralism and political activism, as well as its sizable international contingent.Campus groups include the nation's oldest student dramatic society and the largest student corporation, The Corp. Georgetown's most notable alumni, such as former U.S. President Bill Clinton, have served in various levels of government in the United States and abroad. The Georgetown athletics teams are nicknamed "the Hoyas", made famous by their men's basketball team, which leads the Big East Conference with seven tournament championships.


In 1789, John Carroll and the directors of a proposed "Academy at Georgetown" received the deed to the property on which they were already constructing a school building. Planning for the school had begun as early as 1783; fund-raising in 1786; construction in 1788; the building was completed and the instruction of students begun in 1791. This school was the first institution of higher learning opened under Roman Catholic auspices in the new republic; indeed, without the fruits of the American Revolution, the school would have been impossible, since under colonial law, Roman Catholics were forbidden to conduct schools or to celebrate the mass in public. The spirit of the revolution is also evident in the statement that the school "should be open to students of every religious profession", and the numbers of non-Catholic students and teachers have always been substantial.

With the full restoration of the Jesuits, it was decided to seek civil recognition for the school. William Gaston helped guide the Charter through Congress. It was passed and signed by President Madison March 1, 1815. The first Bachelor of Arts degrees were awarded in 1817. During the Civil War, the College all but closed, as troops occupied the campus and most students returned home to join the two armies. After the war, the colors Blue and Grey were adopted to symbolize the reunification of North and South.

Georgetown College gradually moved towards University status in the nineteenth century. Master's degrees were first awarded in the 1820's. The School of Medicine was founded in 1851, and the Law School in 1870. The University Hospital was established in 1898; the Dental School in 1901; the Nursing School in 1903. The international focus of the school received recognition in the establishment of the School of Foreign Service by Rev. Edmund A. Walsh, S.J., in 1919. The School of Languages and Linguistics and the Business School grew out of programs in the School of Foreign Service. Fr. Walsh later developed an international reputation as a student (and opponent) of totalitarian regimes of both the left and the right. He would serve on the Nuremberg Tribunal as an expert on geopolitics.

Georgetown has often been revitalized by refugees from the upheavals of the Old World. In the 1790's it was the French; in the 1840's and 1870's it was the Italians; and in the 1930's and 1940's it was the Germans. Particularly noteworthy are Professors Heinrich Rommen, Heinrich Kronstein, and Ernst Feilchenfeld. Among our alumni helping with the reconstruction of Germany were Major General George A. Horkan, who, as Chief Quartermaster of the European Command, directed the Berlin airlift.

Georgetown Today

Georgetown University has grown from a small academy into a modern university with 12,000 students coming from all 50 states and over 100 foreign countries; indeed, we are the largest private enterprise operating within the Nation's capital. Our alumni are active in all phases of the life of the nation and the world. A representative sampling might include: President William J. Clinton; Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia; Oklahoma Governor Frank Keating; broadcast journalist Maria Shriver; Project Hope founder William Walsh; Tony-award winners Jack Hofsiss and John Guare, authors William Peter Blatty and Michael Dorris; AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland; NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue and basketball


As of 2007, the University has 6,853 undergraduate students, 4,490 graduate students on the main campus, 2,017 students at the Law Center, and 788 students in the School of Medicine. Bachelor's programs are offered through Georgetown College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, the Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business, and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, which includes the Qatar campus. Qatar has three classes totaling 114 students. Some high school students from Georgetown Visitation are permitted to attend classes for Advanced Placement credit.

Georgetown University offers undergraduate degrees in forty-eight majors in the four undergraduate schools, as well as the opportunity for students to design their own individualized courses of study. All majors in the College are open as minors to students in the College, the School of Nursing and Health Studies, and the School of Business. Students in the School of Foreign Service cannot receive minors, but can complete certificates instead. All courses are on a credit hour system.Georgetown offers many opportunities to study abroad, and 58.7% of the undergraduate student body spends time at an institution overseas.

Master's and doctoral programs are offered through the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Law Center, the School of Medicine, the Public Policy Institute, and the School of Continuing Studies. The McDonough School of Business and the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service both offer masters programs. Masters students also share some advanced seminars with undergraduates, and most undergraduate schools offer abbreviated bachelors and masters programs following completion of the undergraduate degree. Each graduate school offers at least one double degree with another graduate school.

Additionally, the Law Center offers a joint degree with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The School of Continuing Studies includes the Center for Continuing and Professional Education, and operates four types of degree programs, over thirty professional certificates and non-degree courses, undergraduate and graduate degrees in Liberal Studies, as well as summer courses for graduates, undergraduates, and high school students.

Schools and programs

Georgetown University comprises four undergraduate schools, three graduate and professional schools, professional development programs and certificates, medical residencies and other programs predicated on the liberal arts tradition at the heart of the institution.

Georgetown College
  • Arts, humanities, languages, social sciences and sciences
Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)
  • International affairs, regional and comparative studies
Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business (MSB)
  • Business administration, MBA programs, executive education
School of Nursing & Health Studies (NHS)
  • Health systems, human science, international health, nursing
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
  • Liberal arts, interdisciplinary programs, biomedical, and public policy
School of Medicine (SOM)
  • General medicine and medical specialties; medical research
Law Center
  • Constitutional, criminal, and international law; corporate finance
School of Continuing Studies (SCS)
  • Part-time degrees, professional development and summer studies

Georgetown University ranked:
102th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking
110th in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking
129th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking
155th in the 2010 QS World University Ranking
166th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking


University of Liverpool

The University of Liverpool is a university in the city of Liverpool, England. It is a member of the Russell Group, and founded in 1881 it is also one of the six original civic universities. The university has produced eight Nobel Prize winners and today has more than 230 first degree courses across 103 subjects, as well as an annual income of £219 million, including £75 million for research.

Liverpool has the sixth largest financial endowment of any UK university, valued at £110m, according to the Sutton Trust. It is a member of the Russell Group of Universities. The University has over 23,000 registered students, with almost 18,000 full-time registered students. The University has a broad range of teaching and research in both arts and sciences, and has a large medical school, which is associated with the neighbouring Royal Liverpool University Hospital. Sir Howard Newby will be taking up the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool from September 2008.

The University has a Students' union to represent students' interests, known as the Liverpool Guild of Students.

It should be noted that whilst Liverpool has a total of three universities, the colloquial term Liverpool University commonly refers to the University of Liverpool rather than either of the other two, Liverpool Hope University or Liverpool John Moores University.
History of the University


From its origins as one of the first civic universities to its place as a groundbreaking Russell Group university which excels at teaching, learning and research, the University of Liverpool has remained committed to the 'advancement of learning and ennoblement of life'.

The University of Liverpool was one of the first civic universities. Founded in 1881 with the establishment of University College Liverpool, the College opened in 1882 with 45 students on Brownlow Hill.

From the start, it recruited notable scholars and received generous financial support from the people of Liverpool. A high proportion of the original students came from Merseyside; for poor yet able students there were scholarships and fellowships. The University grew quickly, and the famous Victoria Building, the original 'redbrick' designed by Alfred Waterhouse, was opened in 1892.

Professor Oliver Lodge

The University attracted the pioneers of the day, including Professor Oliver Lodge, who made the world's first public radio transmission in 1894. Two years later, Lodge demonstrated the use of X-ray photography by taking an image of a bullet in a boy's wrist. It was the first time an X-ray had been used for surgical purposes in the UK.

1899 saw the foundation of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Future Nobel Prize winner Ronald Ross, who had just completed his renowned research into the origins of malaria, was appointed at the helm.

In 1903 the University received its Charter. This enabled the University to confer degrees in its own right, and so University College became the University of Liverpool.

The University quickly established itself as an incubator for success. Professor Charles Glover Barkla's research into X-Rays won him the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1917, and Sir James Chadwick was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1935 for discovering the neutron.

Other successes included Allan Downie, Professor of Bacteriology from 1943 to 1966, who was instrumental in the eradication of smallpox and Dr Robert Minnitt, Honorary Lecturer in Anaesthesia from 1933 to 1947, who developed the use of gas and air in childbirth.

More recently, Sir Joseph Rotblat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995 for his work on limiting the threat posed by nuclear weapons.

The University entered the 21st century with great confidence. Its £9m Management School opened in 2002, offering a world-class business education, and a £25m Biosciences Centre opened in 2003, providing first-rate facilities for research, teaching and new biotech businesses.

The University's contribution to science has continued apace with present-day successes including the development of a new low-cost drug to treat malaria. Work is ongoing to develop an effective therapy for Pancreatitis, which afflicts 20,000 people each year in the UK alone. Research at the University has shed important light on the mechanisms involved in the disease.

Today, the University has over 230 first-degree courses offered across 103 subjects, over 19,000 registered students and an annual income of £219 million, which includes £75 million for research. The University remains strongly committed through the teaching and research of its staff to the 'advancement of learning and ennoblement of life' which the people of Liverpool helped establish over a century ago.


The University is mainly based around a single urban campus approximately five minutes walk from Liverpool City Centre, at the top of Brownlow Hill and Mount Pleasant, the main site is divided into six faculties: Arts, Engineering, Medicine, Social and Environmental Sciences, Sciences and Veterinary Science. The Veterinary Teaching Hospital (Leahurst) and Ness Botanical Gardens are based on the Wirral Peninsula. There was formerly a research station at Port Erin on the Isle of Man until it closed in 2006. The Johnston Laboratories, a pathology research facility of repute during much of the 20th century, is now the biochemistry department of the university.


In The Complete University Guide 2008 published in The Independent, The University of Liverpool was ranked 42nd out of 113, based on nine measures, while The Good University Guide 2008 in The Times ranked Liverpool 34th out of 113 universities. The Sunday times university guide recently ranked the University of Liverpool 27th out of 123.

University of Liverpool ranked 101th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking

University of Liverpool ranked 133rd in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking

University of Liverpool ranked 137th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking

University of Liverpool ranked 121st in the 2010 QS World University Ranking

University of Liverpool ranked 123th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking


University of Helsinki

The University of Helsinki is the oldest, largest and most multidisciplinary university in Finland. It is also the only Finnishmember of the League of European Research Universities (LERU) and ranks consistently among top-20 universities in Europe. It was established in 1640 and has 11 faculties: Theology, Law, Medicine, Arts, Science, Social Sciences, Pharmacy, Biosciences, Behavioural Sciences, Agriculture and Forestry and Veterinary Medicine.

Of the University’s 38000 students well over 2000 are international, covering more than 110 countries. There are some 7400 employees, of whom 3500 are researchers and teachers.

The University offers a wide range of services to its students including advanced computing possibilities and extensive library services. For an international student there is no need to know Finnish in order to be able to study as all faculties offer learning opportunities in English.

y of Helsinki (Finnish: Helsingin yliopisto, Swedish: Helsingfors universitet) is a university located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829, but founded in the city of Turku 1640 as The Royal Academy of Turku. It is the oldest and largest university in Finland with the widest range of disciplines available. Around 38,000 students (including 5,500 post-graduate students) are currently enrolled in the degree programs of the university.

Since August 1, 2005 the University complies with the standards of the Europe-wide Bologna Process and offers Bachelor's, Master's, Licenciate's and Doctoral degrees.

The university is a member of the LERU, Unica (Universities in the Capitals of Europe), Utrecht Network and the Europaeum and places heavy emphasis on high-quality research.


The university was founded in 1640 by Count Per Brahe in Turku, as the Royal Academy of Turku (Latin: Regia Academia Aboensis). It was the third university founded in the Swedish Empire, following Uppsala University and the Academia Gustaviana in Dorpat, the predecessor of the University of Tartu in Estonia.

In 1809, Finland became an autonomous grand duchy in subjugation to imperial Russia, wherefore the name of the academy in Turku was modified to be Imperial Academy of Turku. Following the great city fire of Turku in 1827 and the move of the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland, under Russian rule since 1809, to Helsinki, the university was relocated there starting from 1829 and Nicholas I re-named it Imperial Alexander University of Finland in honor of his late brother and predecessor Czar Alexander I of Russia, who had given new resources to the academy. This university was the practical center of Finnish culture in 19th century, and a remarkable cradle of nationalist movements, liberalization demands, political parties, collections of cultural materials, and student activities. It was named the University of Helsinki after Finland became independent in 1917.

The main building of the university, which was designed by Carl Ludvig Engel, was completed in 1832. It is located next to the Senate Square in the heart of Helsinki's neoclassical centre, facing the Cathedral and the Government's Palace. Most of the important buildings in the City Centre Campus, such as the University Library, the Observatory and several faculty buildings, are also designed by Engel.


Faculties, departments, independent institutes and central administration

Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Department of Agrotechnology
  • Department of Animal Science
  • Department of Applied Biology
  • Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology
  • Department of Economics and Management
  • Department of Food Technology
  • Department of Forest Ecology
  • Viikki Tropical Resources Institute (VITRI)
  • Department of Forest Economics
  • Department of Forest Resource Management
  • Hyytiälä Forestry Field Station
  • Muddusjärvi Research Station
  • Suitia Research Farm
  • Viikki Research Farm
  • Värriö Subartic Research Station

Faculty of Arts
  • Arts Faculty Library
  • Christina Institute for Women's Studies
  • Department of Classical Philology
  • Department of Comparative Religion
  • Department of English
  • Department of Finnish language and literature
  • Department of Finno-Ugrian Studies
  • Department of General Linguistics
  • Department of German [in Finnish] [German]
  • Department of History
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Romance Languages
  • Department of Scandinavian Languages and Literature
  • Department of Slavonic and Baltic Languages and Literatures
  • Department of Translation Studies
  • Institute for Art Research
  • Aesthetics
  • Art History
  • Comparative Literature
  • Film and Television Studies
  • Musicology
  • Semiotics
  • Theatre Research (in Finnish)
  • Institute for Cultural Research [in Finnish]
  • Archaeology [in Finnish]
  • Ethnology [in Finnish]
  • Folklore [in Finnish]
  • Maritime History
  • Museology
  • Institute for Asian and African Studies
  • Renvall Institute for Area and Cultural Studies

Faculty of Behavioural Sciences
  • Department of Applied Sciences of Education
  • Department of Education
  • Department of Home Economics and Craft Science
  • Department of Psychology
  • Cognitive Science
  • Department of Speech Sciences
  • Library of Behavioural Sciences
  • Teacher Training School No. 1 [in Finnish]
  • Viikki Teacher Training School [in Finnish]

Faculty of Biosciences
  • Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
  • Department of Ecological and Environmental Sciences
  • Kilpisjärvi Biological Station
  • Lammi Biological Station
  • Tvärminne Zoological Station

Faculty of Law
  • Department of Criminal Law, Juridical Procedure and General Jurisprudential Studies
  • Department of Private Law
  • Department of Public Law
  • The Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights
  • Institute of International Economic Law
  • Law Library
  • Vaasa Unit of Legal Studies

Faculty of Medicine
  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Department of Public Health
  • Haartman Institute
  • Institute of Biomedicine
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
  • Institute of Dentistry
  • National Library of Health Sciences
  • Research & Development unit for Medical Education

Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Division of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics
  • Division of Pharmaceutical Biology
  • Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Division of Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Division of Social Pharmacy
  • Centre for Drug Research

Faculty of Science
  • Department of Astronomy
  • Department of Chemistry
  • Department of Computer Science
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of Geology
  • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
  • Department of Physics
  • Kumpula Science Library
  • LUMA Centre

Faculty of Social Sciences
  • Department of Communication
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Social and Moral Philosophy
  • Department of Social Policy
  • Department of Social Psychology
  • Department of Sociology
  • Institute of Development Studies
  • Department of Social Science History
  • Social Science Library
  • Swedish School of Social Science

Faculty of Theology
  • Department of Biblical Studies
  • Department of Church History
  • Department of Comparative Religion
  • Department of Practical Theology
  • Department of Systematic Theology
  • Katariina Institute
  • Theology Library (in Finnish)

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  • Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences
  • Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences
  • Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene
  • Saari Unit
  • Veterinary Medicine Library
  • Veterinary Teaching Hospital [in Finnish]
  • Independent institutes:
  • Aleksanteri Institute - Finnish Centre for Russian and East European Studies
  • Finnish Institute for Verification of the Chemical Weapons Convention (VERIFIN)
  • Finnish Museum of Natural History
  • Botanical Garden
  • Helsinki Center of Economic Research (HECER)
  • Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies
  • Helsinki Institute for Information Technology
  • Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP)
  • Helsinki University Press
  • Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM)
  • Finnish Genome Center
  • Ruralia-institute
  • Mikkeli Unit
  • Seinäjoki Unit
  • Institute of Biotechnology
  • Institute of Seismology
  • Language Centre
  • Neuroscience Center
  • Open University
  • Palmenia Centre for Continuing Education
  • The National Library of Finland
  • Undergraduate Library
  • Helsinki Summer School
  • Networks and campus organisations:
  • CICERO Learning
  • Helsinki University Centre for Environment HENVI
  • Helsinki Institute of Science and Technology Studies (HIST)
  • Network for European Studies
  • Network for Urban Studies
  • Viikki Laboratory Animal Centre
  • Viikki Science Library
  • Viikki School of Environmental Sciences
  • Viikki Research Group Organization in Molecular Biosciences
  • Central administration:
  • Administration Office
  • Finances [in Finnish]
  • General Administration [in Finnish]
  • Central archives
  • Registry and Records Management [in Finnish]
  • Official Calendar [in Finnish]
  • Head of Administration
  • Helsinki University Museum
  • IT Department
  • Library Coordination Office
  • Personnel and Legal Services [in Finnish]
  • Strategic Planning and Development
  • Technical Department [in Finnish]
  • University Communications
  • Yliopistoliikunta - university sports services

Helsinki University Ranked 100th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking

Helsinki University Ranked 91st in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking

Helsinki University Ranked 108th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking

Helsinki University Ranked 75th in the 2010 QS World University Ranking

Helsinki University Ranked 89th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking


Cardiff University, Wales

Cardiff University (Welsh: Prifysgol Caerdydd) is a leading university located in the Cathays Park area of Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. It received its Royal charter in 1883 and is a member of the Russell Group of Universities. It has an annual turnover of £315 million. The university was shortlisted for the Sunday Times University of the Year award in 2003. Before August 2004, the university was officially known as University of Wales, Cardiff (Welsh: Prifysgol Cymru, Caerdydd), although it used the name Cardiff University publicly. The student population is diverse with 17% of students from outside of the United Kingdom and 85% of students from state schools.

The University's breadth of expertise in research and research-led teaching encompasses: the humanities; the natural, physical, health, life and social sciences; engineering and technology; preparation for a wide range of professions; and a longstanding commitment to lifelong learning.

From its outstanding central location amidst the parks, Portland-stone buildings and tree-lined avenues that form the city's elegant civic centre, the University's students and staff are drawn from throughout the world, attracted by its international reputation and commitment to innovation and excellence in all areas of activity. Cardiff is a member of the Russell Group of Britain's leading research universities.

Having gained national and international standing, Cardiff University's vision is to be recognised as a world-leading university and to achieve the associated benefits for its students, staff and all other stakeholders.

The student population is drawn from a variety of backgrounds, with students attracted from throughout Wales, the rest of the UK and world-wide. International students comprise some 17 per cent of the total student population. Government performance indicators show that our students are more likely to succeed in their studies, with first-year completion rates considerably higher than national averages and also higher than some similar universities.

Many of the University’s degree schemes provide partial or complete exemption from relevant professional examinations and more than forty schemes of study benefit from accreditation and input from professional bodies. More than twenty per cent of Cardiff University students pursue postgraduate study.

Vision and Mission

To be among the very best in the world is the most challenging goal we can set ourselves. We have done so because it is only through working to achieve the very highest international standards in research, teaching and other activities that we can realise the full potential of the academic community that is Cardiff University. Our vision reflects our service to society and we pursue our vision in the belief that all those with an interest in the University should expect no lesser ambition.

Our Mission is to pursue research, learning and teaching of international distinction and impact.

Features of our Vision and Mission are a striving for excellence, integrity and innovation in every aspect of activity; a strongly collaborative approach; open and effective communications and an inclusive culture based on dignity, courtesy and respect.


The Aberdare Report of 1881 recommended the foundation of university colleges in North Wales and South Wales to complement the already established University College, Wales (now the University of Wales, Aberystwyth) in Aberystwyth. Following a public appeal that raised £37,000, the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire opened on October 24, 1883, offering studies in Biology, Chemistry, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics, Music, Welsh, Philosophy and Physics. The University College was incorporated by Royal Charter the following year. John Viriamu Jones was appointed as the University’s first Principal, at age 27. The only college in Wales with its own degree awarding powers at this time was St David's University College. As such, Cardiff entered students for the examinations of the University of London until, in 1893, it became one of the founding institutions of the University of Wales and began awarding their degrees.

In 1885, Aberdare Hall opened as the first hall of residence, allowing women access to the university. This moved to its current site in 1895, but remains a single-sex hall. 1904 saw the appointment of the first female professor in the UK, Millicent McKenzie.

In 1931, the School of Medicine, which had been founded as part of the College in 1893 when the Departments of Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology were founded, was split off to form the University of Wales College of Medicine. In 1972, the College was renamed University College, Cardiff.

In 1988, financial problems caused University College, Cardiff and the University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology to merge, forming the University of Wales College, Cardiff. Following changes to the constitution of the University of Wales in 1996, this became the University of Wales, Cardiff.

In the early 1990s, the university's computer systems served as the home for The Internet Movie Database. In 1997, the College was granted full independent degree awarding-powers by the Privy Council (though, as a member of the University of Wales it could not begin using them) and in 1999 the public name of the university was changed to Cardiff University. Some considered this part of an effort at Cardiff to set itself apart from the other colleges of the University of Wales, none of which are members of the Russell Group.

On 1 August 2004 the University of Wales, Cardiff merged with the University of Wales College of Medicine. The merged institution separated from the collegiate University of Wales and officially took the name Cardiff University.

In 2002, ideas were floated to re-merge Cardiff with the University of Wales College of Medicine following the publication of the Welsh Assembly Government's review of higher education in Wales. This merger became effective on August 1, 2004, on which date Cardiff University ceased to be a constituent institution of the University of Wales and became an independent "link institution" affiliated to the federal University. The process of the merger was completed on December 1, 2004 when the Act of Parliament transferring UWCM's assets to Cardiff University received Royal Assent. On December 17 it was announced that the Privy Council had given approval to the new Supplemental Charter and had granted university status to Cardiff, legally changing the name of the institution to Cardiff University. Cardiff awarded University of Wales degrees to students admitted before 2005, but these have been replaced by Cardiff degrees. Medicine, dentistry and other health-related areas began to admit students for Cardiff degrees in 2006.

In 2004, Cardiff University and the University of Wales, Swansea entered a partnership to provide a four-year graduate-entry medical degree. An annual intake of around 70 post-graduate students undertake an accelerated version of the Cardiff course at the University of Wales, Swansea for the first two years before joining undergraduate students at Cardiff for the final two years. All medicine/surgery graduates are awarded the degrees MB BCh.

In 2005, The Wales College of Medicine, which is part of the University, launched the North Wales Clinical School in Wrexham in collaboration with the North East Wales Institute of Higher Education in Wrexham and the University of Wales, Bangor and with the National Health Service in Wales. This has been funded with £12.5 Million from the Welsh Assembly and will lead to the tripling of the number of trainee doctors in clinical training in Wales over a four year period.

The university has a rivalry with nearby Swansea University, against whom every year they have a varsity match termed the Welsh Varsity.


College of Humanities and Sciences
  • Architecture
  • Business & Economics
  • Chemistry
  • City & Regional Planning
  • Computer Sciences
  • Cymraeg
  • Earth, Ocean and Planetary Sciences
  • Engineering
  • English, Communication and Philosophy
  • European Studies
  • History and Archaeology
  • Japanese Studies
  • Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies
  • Law
  • Lifelong Learning
  • Manufacturing Engineering Centre
  • Mathematics
  • Music
  • Physics/Astronomy
  • Religious and Theological Studies
  • Social Sciences (including Criminology)

Wales College of Medicine, Biology, Life and Health Sciences
  • Biosciences
  • Dentistry*
  • Healthcare Studies*
  • Medicine*
  • Nursing and Midwifery*
  • Optometry and Vision Sciences
  • Pharmacy
  • Medical and Dental Education (Postgraduate)*
  • Psychology
Note: Subjects with asterisk (*) known collectively as the Wales College of Medicine

Research and graduate schools
  • Humanities
  • Social Sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Physical Sciences and Engineering

Research centres
  • Manufacturing Engineering Centre (MEC)- The MEC is an autonomous research centre within Cardiff University, having the same status as the University's academic Schools.

Academic ranking of the World's Universities
2008 - Moved into the top 100 globally at position 99
2007 - placed 100-150 globally and 8-25 in Europe
2006 - placed 151-200 globally and 57-78 in Europe
2005 - placed 153-202 globally and 60-79 in Europe
2004 - placed 153-201 globally and 60-79 in Europe
2003 - placed 201-250 globally and 77-99 in Europe

The Good University Guide 2009
Ranked 37th overall out of 113 universities in the institution-wide league table.
Ranked 17th out of 109 universities for business studies.

The Guardian University Guide 2009
Ranked 33th overall out of 149 universities in the institution-wide league table.
Ranked 38th out of 140 universities for business and management studies

The Sunday Times University Guide 2009
Ranked 28th out of 123 universities overall in the institution-wide league table.

Cardiff University ranked 99th in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking

Cardiff University ranked 133rd in the 2008 THES-QS World University Ranking

Cardiff University ranked 135th in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking

Cardiff University ranked 122nd in the 2010 QS World University Ranking

Cardiff University ranked 135th in the 2011 QS World University Ranking

The roots of education are bitter, but the fruits is sweet ~ Aristotle

Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world ~ Nelson Mandela

Education is not a preparation for life, Education is life itself ~ John Dewey
William Butler Yeats: Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.