The University of Karlsruhe, also known as Fridericiana, was founded in 1825. It recently merged with Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe to form the new institution, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).
It is located in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany, and is one of the most prestigious technical universities in Germany - it is recognized as one of the leading research universities.
The University of Karlsruhe was founded as Polytechnische Schule, a polytechnical school, on October 7, 1825. It was modeled upon the École polytechnique in Paris. In 1865, Grand Duke Frederick I of Baden (German: Friedrich) raised the school to the status of a Hochschule, an "institute or university". Since 1902 The university also has been known as the Fridericiana in his honour.
In 1885 the institution was renamed a Technische Hochschule, Institute of Technology, and in 1967 it became Universität, a full university. In 1899 all technical universities, therefore including the University of Karlsruhe, were granted the right to award doctorate degrees identified as Dr. Ing. for engineering. For honorary degrees, the fields are preceded by h. c., for example, Dr. h. c. Ing. Karl Benz awarded in 1914, who was graduated from the university during his youth.
On April 6, 2006 a contract for the foundation of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) was signed by Professor Horst Hippler and Dr. Dieter Ertmann from the University of Karlsruhe, and Professor Manfred Popp and Assistant Jur. Sigurd Lettow from Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The name was selected to emulate the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the leading technical university in the United States.
In 2008 a 200 Million Euro donation to the university was made by SAP Co-Founder Hans-Werner Hector.
The university has eleven faculties:
Chemistry and Biology
Humanities and Social sciences
Civil engineering, Geology, and Ecological Sciences
Chemical and Process Engineering
Electrical engineering and Information Technology
Many departments cooperate, some are shared with the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.
Universität Karlsruhe (University of Karlsruhe) ranked 171 in the 2007 THES-QS World University Ranking
Universität Karlsruhe (University of Karlsruhe) ranked 184 in the 2009 THES-QS World University Ranking
Universität Karlsruhe (University of Karlsruhe) ranked 167 in the 2010 QS World University Ranking
Universität Karlsruhe (University of Karlsruhe) ranked 147 in the 2011 QS World University Ranking